All appropriate problems regarding the transfer, article and telecommunication sectors.

All appropriate problems regarding the transfer, article and telecommunication sectors.

All appropriate problems regarding the transfer, article and telecommunication sectors.

Odvetvova hospodarska a socialna rada v rezorte zdravotnictva (Sectoral financial and social council for the healthcare industry)

Issues linked to the management of the industry.

Workplace-level staff member representation

Staff representation was managed by Labour rule. Until 2001, workforce had been symbolized merely by trade unions. Since 2002, staff members is represented either by trade unions or by performs councils or staff trustees. Since 2003, a dual station of representation has been applied whereby operates councils/employee trustees can coexist with trade unions at institutions.

Personnel associates possess directly to information, consultation, co-decision and command over activities. However, merely trade unions have entitlement to enter collective bargaining. In organizations without collective agreement, works councils can consider contracts with administration on occupations and dealing circumstances (nevertheless these agreements have no exactly the same updates as collective arrangement). Trade union companies, people in performs councils and employee trustees tend to be elected because of the employees at establishments. Typically, the key staff representative system from the workplace are trade unions. Facts about the operation of trade unions and their synergy with management are often conformed in collective contracts. Work councils are not qualified for be involved in collective bargaining, even so they can deduce some agreements making use of the control in companies where no collective agreement was concluded.

Rules, structure and competences from the system



Competences from the muscles involved with company-level collective bargaining?

Thresholds/rules once they should be/can getting establish

Zamestnanecka rada (Performs council)

Yes, because of the Work Signal

At enterprises with at least 50 workers

Odborova organizacia (Trade union)

Certainly, by Labour Code

No less than three employees

Zamestnanecky dovernik (personnel trustee)

Certainly, by the Labour Laws

At firms with

Collective negotiating

Bargaining program

Collective bargaining was voluntary for personal lovers and happens without disturbance from the condition. Two-tier collective negotiating happens at sector and team stages, where multiemployer and single-employer collective contracts tends to be concluded. No national-level collective bargaining is out there in Slovakia. Arrangements decided in multiemployer and additionally single-employer collective agreements are lawfully joining for contracting people. There isn’t any different collective negotiating for white- and blue-collar professionals. Multiemployer collective agreements tends to be extended to businesses performing equivalent activities by NACE. Collective contracts become equally applied to all workforce, whether or not they have been a part of a trade union.

Over the last 10 years there is a development in the decentralisation of negotiating from the sector for the organization amount. Including, 27 and 23 new multiemployer collective contracts were registered from the MPSVR SR in 2011 and 2012, respectively. In 2017 and 2018 similarly 14 new multiemployer contracts comprise authorized. In 2022, 20 brand new multiemployer collective agreements were licensed. Salary bargaining insurance

Based on the social associates, doing 35% of employees when you look at the nationwide economic climate become protected by a collective contract. In accordance with the ECS 2013, about 30per cent of employees are sealed on company level together with all degrees. On sectoral or local amount dating service Plano, the insurance is approximately 10%. Likewise, on work-related and cross-sectoral degrees, the insurance coverage can 10per cent.

Collective wage bargaining protection of workforce from various supply

Root: Eurofound, European business review 2022 (ECS), personal sector companies with establishments >10 workers (NACE B-S) a€“ multiple responses possible; Eurostat, design of profits research (SES), agencies >10 staff (NACE B-SxO), unmarried account each local product: significantly more than 50percent of employees covered by these types of a contract a€“ internet based dataset requirements: [EARN_SES10_01], [EARN_SES14_01], [EARN_SES18_01] (portion of workforce in local units where more than 50per cent for the employees are sealed under a collective cover agreement up against the total number of staff inside range on the research); OECD/AIAS ICTWSS Database 2021.

According to the KOZ SR, all round insurance of workers by business collective contracts in Slovakia was actually 26.4% in 2022. In private market, the coverage ended up being 15.4per cent, that’s more than data through the ECS 2022. The entire plans by collective contracts is actually, however, higher (around 35per cent) because workers in many organizations, that are not protected by company contracts, are protected by multiemployer agreements.

Negotiating degree

Collective negotiating happen on two degrees. Besides single-employer collective bargaining within organization/establishment level, multiemployer collective negotiating furthermore takes place generally in most groups throughout the market. Multiemployer and single-employer collective bargaining takes on an important role in the employed ailments, employed some time and earnings of staff members. Multiemployer collective negotiating is important, but single-employer collective negotiating is principal. Collective negotiating is present for the personal along with public industries. By way of example, within the community industry different multiemployer (multisector) collective agreements tend to be concluded for civil and community solutions. The collective contract for community service covers primarily employees for the knowledge (like studies) and health care industries.

Quantities of collective bargaining, 2022

Nationwide degree (intersectoral)

Sectoral level

Team stage


Operating opportunity


Doing work opportunity


Functioning time

Main or dominant amount

Crucial although not prominent amount

Current amount


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